4 Symptoms of Allergy to Sunscreen and How to Treat It

In addition to the increased risk of skin cancer due to exposure to ultraviolet light, sunscreen is one of a series of skin treatments to be used daily. Unfortunately, not everyone can use sunscreen safely. Yes, for some people, sunscreen chemicals can actually trigger an allergic reaction. The allergy symptoms caused by sunscreens can range from mild to severe.

Causes of allergies to sunscreen

4 Symptoms of Allergy to Sunscreen and How to Treat It

Like other allergies, an allergy to sunscreen can occur when you are sensitive to one of the many ingredients in sunscreens. Yes, some people may have reactions to perfumes, preservatives, UV absorbers or other components in sunscreen.

According to the American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology, some chemicals that often cause allergic reactions in some people include:

  • oxybenzone
  • 4-isopropyl-dibenzoylmethane
  • PABA (para-aminobenzoic acid)
  • Esther
  • avobenzone
  • Cinnamon

Symptoms of sunscreen allergy

The symptoms of sunlight allergy can be different for everyone. Some people may develop allergic symptoms immediately after using sunscreen. Others may have reactions for days or even years after using the same sunscreen product.

In general, you should be aware of the following sunscreen allergy symptoms.

  • Reddish rash on the skin
  • The skin is irritating and painful
  • Swelling occurs
  • Bulbs filled with liquid appear

Sometimes, a person may not have an allergic reaction before sunscreen applied to the skin is exposed to the sun. This type of reaction is medically known as photoallergic contact dermatitis.

Risk factors for allergy to sunscreen

Basically, everyone can have allergies to sunscreens. However, a number of people at higher risk of developing sunscreen allergies include:

  • Women, because various skin care products or cosmetics are more used by women than men.
  • Has a family history that also has allergies to sunscreen
  • Have sensitive skin types.
  • Has a history of atopic dermatitis.
  • Apply sunscreen to damaged skin or open wounds.
  • People who work outdoors, such as construction workers and road cleaners.

How to treat allergies to sunscreen

How to relieve allergy symptoms of sunscreen is actually the same as other skin allergies. The first thing to do is to stop immediately if you have the allergic symptoms mentioned above.

In mild cases, a red rash on the skin may disappear on its own without special treatment. In moderate to severe cases, you may need topical or oral steroids to reduce inflammation and other reactions. Oral antihistamines can also be used to help reduce itching and allergy symptoms.

However, before using various medications, be sure to consult a doctor first. If you are buying over-the-counter medications over the counter, read the instructions for using the medicine carefully to avoid any risk of side effects.

In addition to taking medication, you should also avoid exposure to the sun for a while or until your skin is completely healed. Depending on the severity, several days are needed for a complete recovery.

Do not hesitate to consult a dermatologist

Allergies to sunscreen are rare, but if you are worried, do not hesitate to consult a dermatologist. Your doctor will probably do a series of tests to make sure you have allergic reactions to certain sunscreen ingredients.

If, after the test, you are HIV-positive, the doctor will recommend other sunscreen products containing safer ingredients for you.